what is hajj? purpose of going on Hajj?Haj pilgrims
Millions of Muslims from all over the world reach Saudi Arabia every year for Hajj. This five-day-long Hajj pilgrimage has started on Sunday this year.
The Kaaba in the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia is considered the holiest site in Islam. This ancient religious ritual of Islam is very important for the Muslims of the world. This year it is expected that more than two million Muslims will reach Saudi Arabia for Hajj. Know some special things related to Hajj-
What is the purpose of going on Hajj?
Hajj is the fifth pillar out of the total five pillars of Islam. All healthy and financially capable Muslims are expected to go for Haj at least once in a lifetime.
Hajj is seen as an opportunity to wash away the sins of the past. It is believed that after Hajj all his past sins are forgiven and he can start his life again. There is a desire in the mind of most Muslims to go on Hajj once in a lifetime. So, you can understand actually what is the purpose of Hajj and why do Muslims go on hajj.
For those who are unable to afford Hajj, religious leaders and organizations help them financially. There are also some Muslims who save their lifetime earnings to go on Hajj. Such Hajis also reach from some parts of the world who travel thousands of miles on foot for months and reach Mecca.
The five pillars of Islam are very important for Muslims. These pillars are like five resolutions. These are very important to live life according to Islam.
How much did Saudi Arabia earn from Hajj?
What did Muslims say about ending Haj subsidy?
Which women are at the forefront of going on Hajj alone?
Is Modi misleading on Haj?
These are the five pillars of Islam
Tawheed – that is, one Allah and Muhammad is the messenger sent by him, every Muslim has faith in it.
Namaz – Offering prayers five times a day according to the rule.
Fasting – fasting during Ramadan.
Zakat – Donating to the poor and needy people.
Hajj – going to Mecca.
It you want to know more about What is the history of Hajj and what is the importance of hajj you should read it.
About four thousand years ago the Mecca plain was completely uninhabited. Muslims believe that Allah ordered the Prophet Abraham (whom Muslims call Ibrahim) to bring his wife Hajra and son Ismail from Palestine to Arabia to save them (Hajra and Ismail) from the jealousy of his first wife Sarah. Could.
Muslims also believe that Allah asked the Prophet Abraham to leave him to his fate. They were given some food items and some water. Within a few days, this stuff was finished. Hajra and Ismail became helpless with hunger and thirst.
Muslims believe that Desperate Hajra descended from the hills of Safa and Marwa in Mecca in search of help. Hajra, broken by hunger and fatigue, fell and pleaded with Allah for deliverance from the crisis.
Muslims believe that when Ismail hit the ground, a spring of water burst from inside the earth, and both of their lives were saved.
Hajra secured the water and also started the business of water in exchange for food items. This water is called Aab-e-Zamzam i.e. the water of the Zamzam well. Muslims consider it the holiest water and after Hajj all the pilgrims try to return home with this holy water.
When Prophet Abraham returned from Palestine, he saw that his family was leading a good life and he was completely shocked.
Muslims believe that during this time the Prophet Abraham was asked to dedicate by making a pilgrimage to Allah. Abraham and Ismail built a small cubical building of stone. This is called Kaaba.
Every year Muslims come here to strengthen their faith in Allah. Centuries later, Mecca became a thriving city and the only reason for this was the availability of a proper source of water.
Gradually people started worshipping different Gods here.
Muslims believe that the last prophet of Islam, Hazrat Muhammad (570-632) was told by Allah to bring the Kaaba in the same condition as before and allow only Allah to be worshipped there.
In the year 628, Prophet Muhammad started a journey with his 1400 followers. This became the first pilgrimage to Islam and in this journey, the religious tradition of the Prophet Abraham was re-established. This is called Hajj.
What do Hajis do when they go there?
Haj pilgrims first reach the city of Jiddah in Saudi Arabia. From there they go to the city of Mecca by bus. But just before Mecca there is a special place from where the official process of Hajj begins. This special place starts from a radius of eight kilometers from the city of Mecca. This special place is called Meeqat. All the pilgrims going on Hajj wear a special kind of cloth from here which is called Ahram. Although some people wear Ahram long ago. Even some people sit in the plane wearing Ahram.
Ahram is not stitched. Women do not need to wear Ahram, they can wear any clothes of their choice. Apart from this, Hajis have to take care of many other things.
During this, husband and wife cannot have physical relations.
-Can’t cut your hair and nails
-Avoid applying perfume or anything perfumed
-Avoid fighting with anyone. Even avoid killing any living being.
On reaching Mecca, Muslims first perform Umrah. Umrah is a small religious process. Hajj is performed in a particular month but Umrah can be performed at any time of the year.
But those who go on Hajj usually also perform Umrah, although it is not mandatory.
There are many religious rituals performed in Hajj during Umrah.
Number of Hajj pilgrims in Saudi Arabia officially begins on the 8th of the Islamic month of Zil-Hij. On the 8th, Haji goes to the city of Mina, about 12 km from Mecca. Haji spends the night of eight in Mina and reaches the plains of Arafat the next morning i.e. on the 9th. Hajj pilgrims stand in the field of Arafat, remember Allah and ask Him for the forgiveness of their sins. Haji Muzdalfa goes to the city in the evening and stays there on the night of the 9th. On the morning of the 10th, the travelers again return to the city of Mina.
After that, they go to a particular place and symbolically stone the devil. It is called Jamarat. Often during this stampede occurs and many people are killed.
After stoning the devil, the pilgrims sacrifice a goat or sheep. After that the men get their heads shaved and the women cut some of their hair.
the travelers return to Mecca and make seven rounds of the Kaaba which is religiously called Tawaf. On this day i.e. the tenth of Zil-Huj, Muslims all over the world celebrate the festival of Eid-ul-Azha or Bakri-eid.
Bakri-eid is celebrated in the memory of Prophet Abraham and his son Prophet Ismail. Muslims believe that Prophet Abraham once had a dream that Allah had asked him to sacrifice his son Ismail. As per Allah’s orders, Abraham agreed to sacrifice his son, but as he was about to stab his son on his neck, he was told that Allah was only testing him and offered a lamb instead of the son. was ordered to do.
Every year Muslims remember this sacrifice of Abraham and Ismail and sacrifice a goat on the day of Bakri Eid.
After Tawaf, Haj pilgrims again return to Mina and stay there for two more days. For the last time on the 12th of the month, the Hajj pilgrims perform tawaaf at the Kaaba and offer prayers. In this way, the whole process of Hajj is completed.
Hajj pilgrims go to the city of Medina, about 450 km from Mecca, and offer prayers at the Masjid-e-Nabwi present there. It has no direct relation to the religious process of Hajj, but since this mosque was built by the Prophet Muhammad himself, it is considered by every Muslim to be the second most important religious site after the Kaaba. Here is also the tomb of Hazrat Mohammad. Hajj pilgrims also visit him.